3. Bataan WWII Museum
Bataan WWII Museum is one of the most visited tourist spots in Bataan, built as a tribute to the fallen heroes of Bataan during WWII that aims to show the present generation on how the 1941 youths accepted the call of duty. It is a small place but packed with so much history where one can find the diorama depicting the Bataan Death March, old weapons, pictures and items. The first floor of the building can be summarized as showing the Surrender of Bataan to Japanese Forces and the second floor shows the effects of war. Outside the museum is the Surrender Site Monument where the larger than life Americans and Japanese statues are discussing and signing the surrender of the United States Armed Forces in the Far East.
Bataan WWII Museum is found behind the Balanga Elementary School in Barangay Talisay, Balanga City, Bataan.
4. Zero Kilometer Death March Marker
Zero Kilometer Death March Marker serves as the starting point of the darkest times in Philippine History known as the Bataan Death March. To summarize simply, this is what happened in the Battle of Bataan. During the WWII, the Japanese thoroughly studied the invasion of the country and perfectly executed their plan and was successful. This time, almost all of the Southeast Asia were under the control of the Japanese. To prevent the immediate victory across the Pacific, the Filipino and American soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur pulled in Bataan and fought for 3 months which delayed the valuable time of the Japanese. When they finally surrendered, General Douglas MacArthur was already out of the country and promised to return which later he did. After the surrender, one of the most horrible events in the history happened known as the Bataan Death March.
An estimate of 60,000 – 80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war suffered a forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army. The Zero Kilometer Death March Marker in Bataan marked the start of the death march going to San Fernando, Pampanga to ride a train bound to Capaz, Tarlac. It’s around 100-kilometer march for around 7 days and nights. An estimate of 5,000 – 18,000 deaths during the march.
There are 2 Zero Kilometer Death March Markers in Bataan, one is located in Bagac and the other is in Mariveles. Bataan one of the best destinations for history geeks. If you want to know more about history, visit Bataan.